Conflicts about authorship have been increasing, studies have shown. Relating to a 1998 study into the Journal regarding the American Medical Association by Linda Wilcox, the ombudsperson at Harvard’s medical, dental, and public-health schools, the percentage of complaints about authorship during the three institutions rose in the 1990s. Such grievances ranged from people feeling that they were not being given credit as first author, despite the fact that these were promised it, to people feeling that their work merited first authorship and even though they merely performed experiments and did not design or write within the research. Wilcox’s research found that authorship-related queries to her office rose from 2.3% of total complaints in 1991 to 10.7% in 1997. Between 1994 and 1997, 46% for the queries were from faculty and 34% were from postdoctoral fellows, interns, or residents.
Other studies, cited by Eugene Tarnow, point to the presssing issue of plagiarism as a challenge, too. A 1993 study looked over perceived misconduct in a study of professors and graduate students in four disciplines during a period of 5 years. Read more